Since 1968, the Peace & Freedom Party has enjoyed ballot access in local and national elections in California and other states. Below runs a list of our Presidential and Vice-Presidential candidates in these elections. 

Year Presidential Candidate VP Candidate Votes %age
1968 (None)1 Peggy Terry2 27,707  
1972 Benjamin Spock Julius Hobson 55,167 0.66%
1976 Margaret Wright Benjamin Spock 41,731 0.50%
1980 Maureen Smith Elizabeth Barron 18,116 0.20%
1984 Sonya Johnson Emma Wong Mar 26,297 0.30%
1988 (None)3 (None)3    
1992 Ron Daniels Asiba Tupahache 18,597 0.20%
1996 Marsha Feinland Kate McClatchy 25,332 0.25%
2000 (None)4 (None)4    
2004 Leonard Peltier Janice Jordan 27,607 0.20%
2008 Ralph Nader Matt Gonzalez 108,381 0.80%
2012 Roseanne Barr Cindy Sheehan 53,824 0.4%
2016 Gloria LaRiva Dennis Banks 66,101 0.5%
2020 Gloria LaRiva Sunil Freeman 51,037 0.29%

1Eldridge Cleaver was nominated for president at the Peace & Freedom Party National Convention in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He was also nominated for president at the State Convention in Sacramento. The Secretary of State refused to place Cleaver’s name on the ballot in California because he did not meet the legal age requirement to hold the office if he were to be elected. Cleaver was placed on the ballot in a number of other states.

In addition, Dick Gregory also obtained ballot status as the Peace & Freedom Party presidential candidate in a number of other states, and was a write-in candidate for that office in California where he received 3,230 write-in votes for president.

2Jerry Rubin was nominated for vice-president at the Peace & Freedom Party National Convention in Ann Arbor, Michigan. However, Peggy Terry was nominated at the State Convention in Sacramento, California.

To complicate the situation, Mark Lane was Dick Gregory’s vice-presidential running mate in several states including California, and Corky Gonzales was on the ballot as the vice-presidential candidate of the Peace & Freedom Party of Utah, which did not have a presidential candidate on the ballot.

3In 1988, the State Convention split and the Secretary of State refused to recognize any of the candidates seeking the Peace & Freedom Party of California nomination. However, the vice-presidential candidates of several ballot-qualified or write-in slates were Peace & Freedom Party activists:
• Lenora B. Fulani and Kwaku Duren: 31,180 for 0.3%
• Eugene McCarthy and Maureen Smith: 234 for 0.0%
• Herb Lewin and Emma Wong Mar: 58 for 0.0%
• Larry Holms and Gloria LaRiva: 11 for 0.0%.

4In 2000, the Peace & Freedom Party was not qualified for the ballot in California.

Compiled January 15, 2005 by C.T. Weber; last updated March 9, 2021.


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