Elizabeth Martínez, called a “voice of the Chicana movement” by the New York Times, passed away on June 29th at the age of 95. Her comrade in the Peace & Freedom Party, C.T. Weber, wrote the following in remembrance.

I first met Elizabeth Martínez through Peace and Freedom Party. We worked on a booklet called Peace and Freedom Party: A Program for the 80s. In 1982, she became the Peace and Freedom Party candidate for Governor of California. She really enjoyed that experience.

But Elizabeth, also known as Betita, was active before she moved to San Francisco.

Elizabeth Martínez was born on Dec. 12, 1925, in Washington, DC. She started her career with the U.N. Secretariat in New York; next she worked at the Museum of Modern Art where she assisted the museum’s director of photography; at Simon & Schuster, later she was a book editor; and she was books and arts editor at The Nation magazine. She wrote film reviews; translated a French novel; traveled to Cuba, where she declared herself a socialist; and in Moscow interviewed leading Russian poets.

Elizabeth became an editor and writer for social justice writing that her mission was to “destroy hatred and prejudice.”

In 1964, she joined the Freedom Summer in Mississippi where she registered Black voters. She edited “Letters from Mississippi,” The following year. By the mid-1960s, she felt the pull of revolutionary politics.

In 1968, Ms. Martínez co-founded a bilingual newspaper, El Grito del Norte (The Cry of the North) where she helped define an emergent Chicana movement. She explored how issues of race, class, poverty, gender and sexuality were all connected under overlapping systems of oppression.

–written by C.T. Weber


Carole Seligman, author of the following piece, is a longtime Peace and Freedom Party registrant who is an anti-death penalty and anti-prison activist and a socialist. This article is reprinted from Socialist Viewpoint with permission.

Kevin Cooper, a leading death penalty abolitionist, who has been serving a very long prison term on California’s death row – over 37 years! – has just reached an important milestone on his road to exoneration and freedom.

Governor Gavin Newson, in an executive order issued on May 28, 2021, appointed a prestigious law firm to “conduct a full review of the trial and independent records in the case and of the facts underlying the conviction.” Newson’s order directs the law firm – Morrison and Foerster – “to investigate, report, and make a recommendation” concerning Kevin Cooper’s application for clemency and his claims of innocence, as well as to evaluate “recently conducted DNA tests.”

Socialist Viewpoint has been following Kevin Cooper’s struggle for many years, printing articles by him and about his case of innocence in the brutal homicide of a family, the Ryans, and their young guest, Christopher Hughes, in 1983 in Chino Hills, San Bernardino County in Southern California. The evidence of Cooper’s innocence is extensive.

The one surviving victim of the murders, 8-year-old Josh Ryan, signaled to investigators that three white men had killed his family. Kevin Cooper is a Black man. Witnesses reported seeing three white men driving in the Ryan’s vehicle the night of the murders and other witnesses reported three white men in bloody clothing acting strangely in a nearby bar. Also, the girlfriend of one of the possible killers turned in a pair of bloody coveralls belonging to the boyfriend to the sheriff’s department, who subsequently discarded them and lied about who ordered it.

The Ryan’s car was found with blood on three seats in the vehicle. These are only a few examples in a case rife with evidence of corruption and misconduct by the sheriff’s department, the D.A., and judges who ruled against Kevin Cooper in the trials and appeals which upheld his conviction. Evidence in the case, Kevin Cooper’s attorneys have pointed out, was mishandled, tampered with and destroyed.

One of the really shocking facts about this case is that the victims had been stabbed or slashed a combined 140 times with at least three weapons and that the murders were completed in a very short period of time – only a few minutes – an impossibility for one perpetrator.

And at a time when frameup convictions are being questioned and reexamined throughout the country due in large measure to racist frameups against Black and Latinx people by police and district attorneys, the San Bernardino DA’s office continues to defend its conduct and calls Governor Newsom’s order “inappropriate.” The SBDA office continues to defend its role in the framing of Kevin Cooper even when sheriff deputies involved in the case were found to have stolen large quantities of heroin, stolen a huge number of guns from police lockers, lied about lab results of evidence tested, mixed blood of more than one person in an evidence test tube, lied in court about evidence, and so much more.

It has taken major national attention from important media sources such as the New York Times, which printed a lengthy investigation of Cooper’s case by Nicholas Kristof, and the CBS television documentary program, 48 Hours, directed by Erin Moriarty, as well as articles in the Washington Post, L.A. Times, and several others, including the SF BayView, several internet publications such as ScheerPost, and many leftwing periodicals. Socialist Viewpoint has printed many essays by Kevin Cooper, who is acknowledged within the community of death penalty abolitionists and prison reformers as a leading spokesman for abolition and justice. The NAACP Legal Defense Fund had called on the governor to investigate the case, saying that “it was marred by racial discrimination.”

The defense attorneys and investigators of Mr. Cooper’s case have continued their investigation of the facts and evidence over the years of the appeals and subsequent requests for clemency from three different governors. So, supporters hope the investigation by the law firm appointed by Governor Newsom will be conducted expeditiously and that Kevin Cooper will walk out of San Quentin State Prison this year. It’s well past time for a full exoneration!

Write to Kevin Cooper at

#C-65304  4-EB-82
San Quentin State Prison
San Quentin, CA 94974

–written by Carole Seligman

Maggie Phair, a founding and long-time member of the Peace and Freedom Party, passed away on June 29, 2021, at the age of 91.

In 1967, Maggie helped found the Peace and Freedom Party of California to provide an alternative at the ballot box for voters who support civil rights and oppose war. She remained a member for the next 50 years, serving on the Los Angeles Central Committee. She ran for office several times on the party’s ballot line, including twice for the 24th Congressional District in 1980 and in 1990, and for the 45 Assembly District in 1982.

Born just before the stock market crash of 1929, she grew up in the shadow of the Great Depression in Southern California.

Maggie began her activism as a student at San Fernando High School and continued through her enrollment at UCLA where she joined the Congress on Racial Equality. It was there that she met lifelong friends Vern Davidson and David McReynolds while organizing for the socialist club on campus.

Nationally, Maggie was active in the Socialist Party USA. She held several positions within the party, serving at one time as National Co-Chair. She also helped publish the party newspaper when it was in Los Angeles.

Maggie was a union organizer, a civil rights crusader, a peace activist, and a co-founder of the January 22nd Committee for Reproductive Rights in Los Angeles.

Maggie Phair practiced her beliefs on a personal as well as a political level. I remember attending camp-outs with cooperative cooking and meal sharing at Big Sur and at Mt. Tamalpais that she organized. She opened her home, an apartment, to the whole Alameda County Peace and Freedom Party delegation when we came to Los Angeles for meetings. As many as six or more of us shared her living room for the weekend.

Maggie Phair was a socialist through and through. We will miss her.

–written by Marsha Feinland

For more on the life of Maggie Phair, see the Maggie Phair Institute website. Photo of Maggie in 1954 at top right by David McReynolds.


Peace and Freedom Party legislative liaison C.T. Weber has publicly commented on behalf of the PFP before California State Assembly committees twice in this legislative session to date.

Given a two-minute limit, C.T. spoke in opposition to Assembly Bill 386 before the assembly’s Judicial Committee and in opposition to Assembly Bill 446 to the Elections Committee. The full text of these remarks runs below. For a complete list of legislation supported or opposed by the PFP, click here.


Assemblymember Stone, Assemblymember Gallagher, and the rest of the members of the Judicial Committee

Good morning.

My name is C. T. Weber. I am the Legislative Liaison for Peace and Freedom Party of California.

I would like to start by saying that there is a big difference between public sector money and private sector money. The public sector works for the people, and as such must be subject to a certain level of public oversight. Unfortunately, most private sector business activities are not scrutinized enough.

AB 386 is not about CalPERS right to invest in internally managed private loans, also known as private debt, because they are already major investors in private debt funds. And the returns are not that great. This bill is about secrecy, secrecy to conceal the details of these loans.

On May 1, 2018, longtime Peace and Freedom Party member C.T. Weber delivered the opening remarks at the International Workers Day gathering at the State Capitol in Sacramento. The following is the text of those remarks, a comment on the events of a May Day 135 years past and on the worker’s continued struggle in our time.

Sisters and brothers, my name is C. T. Weber. I bring you greetings from Peace and Freedom Party, conceived over 50 years ago out of the struggles of the freedom rides, the farm workers’ union organizing, and the anti-war movements. Today, we are California’s only ballot-qualified socialist party.

We gather with you today, International Workers’ Day, in a spirit of solidarity and for the expansion of the growing power of working people that is present in our current struggle with the 1%.

In doing so, we must not let the memory of workers’ struggles fade into history. In 1884, at a time when thousands of men, women and children were dying every year from poor working conditions and long hours, the Federation of Organized Trade and Labor Unions (later AFL) at their convention in Chicago proclaimed, “Eight hours shall constitute a legal day’s labor from and after May 1, 1886”. In 1885, the largest union, the Knights of Labor backed the proclamation and both groups encouraged workers to strike and demonstrate.

Seattle City Council member Kshama Sawant, a socialist who has done an excellent job on the council and won reelection against the best efforts of the billionaires, is being subjected to an attempted recall by right-wingers who have put together a petition full of lies. The Washington Supreme Court, while removing one of the more outrageous lies from the petition, has cleared it for circulation. If sufficient signatures can be obtained, she could be subject to a recall election by 2022. In response, socialists and progressives around the country are mobilizing to defeat the attack.

To show its support for Kshama Sawant and opposition to the recall, the Peace and Freedom Party California State Executive Committee adopted a motion of solidarity, and authorized a donation to Kshama Sawant’s campaign fund.

“Seattle’s working people need Kshama Sawant on the council, and our country’s working people need to defeat this outrageous power grab by the billionaires and their stooges,” says Kevin Akin, the PFP California State Chair. “We need more people in office who will support socialist solutions to the problems forced upon us by the corrupt billionaires and their willing servants in elected office and in the media. Defend Seattle! Defend Kshama Sawant!”


In a recent exposé by the Sacramento Bee, messages sent between a squad of officers with the Eureka Police Department were shown to contain bigoted, violent and sexist comments that speak to the culture of policing in Humboldt County. Particularly on January 25, 2020, these officers threatened the Peace and Freedom of Humboldt County.

The messages read:

“There’s supposed to be a protest at the courthouse from 1700 to 1900 for the ‘war in Iran’ … confirm u all have ur riot gear?? Gas mask, helmet, and dude handle,” Sgt. Reyna-Sanchez wrote.

“I’ll beat those f------ hippies down,” Officer Meftah wrote to the group.

“Why don’t I have a side handle??” Reyna-Sanchez wrote, referring to a police baton.

On January 25th, 2020, the Peace and Freedom Party held a rally in cooperation with the Answer Coalition’s global day of protest against Donald Trump’s assassination of Iranian General Qasem Soleimani at Baghdad International Airport. Soleimani was a beloved figure in both Iraq and Iran for his successes in fighting ISIS. The bombing of Soleimani killed multiple Iraqi Officials and caused 2 million Iraqis to take to the streets in protest and the Iraqi government voted to expels all US forces from their country. Today, over one year later, the United States military still refuses to leave their country and continues to use Iraq as a staging ground for further war crimes.

In attendance at the protest at Eureka Courthouse on January 25th were the Veterans for Peace, mothers and their children and activists from historically oppressed communities by the United States. The squad of officers with EPD threatened illegal violence against women, children, veterans and people of color. It is unacceptable for every member of this squad who participated or remained silent.

The first message in the Sac Bee exposé show that Sargent Rodrigo Reyna-Sanchez (image at right) personally owned an arsenal of military-grade weapons and tactical gear, including silencers. In response to the suspect accused of stealing this arsenal of weapons being released from Humboldt County jailhouse, Reyna-Sanchez sent a message to his squad directing them to “face shoot that f***!”

This is disturbing not only on its own but becomes even more so in light of Reyna-Sanchez’s execution-style killing of 25-year-old David Sequoia, who was shot in the head at point-blank range while he was on the ground.

The attempted coup by fascist organizations like the Proud Boys, 3%ers and Oathkeepers on the US capital on January 6th, 2021, has shown. through the arrests made there, that these organizations are largely led by and comprised of cops, military personnel, longtime FBI informants and private contractors with security organizations used by the US government and US corporations. They are extremely violent right-wing paramilitaries that are committed to undermining democracy and ushering in a new era of nationalist totalitarianism.

The Peace and Freedom Party demands that all officers in the squad under Reyna-Sanchez’s command be fired and instead of hiring more cops, we demand that the funds be redirected towards a “Cahoots”-style program being implemented in Oregon which puts mental health professionals in charge of 911 phone call responses. Of 24,000 phone calls received by Cahoots, only 150 required a police presence as a response. This significantly reduces the amount of armed cops unnecessarily sent into communities.

The Peace and Freedom Party of Humboldt County demands that the city of Eureka screen all officers for nationalistic, violent, sexist, racist or bigoted tendencies to ensure that the Proud Boys-type culture is not infiltrating the institutions given license to kill citizens in the community. All officers promoting the racist counter-mantra “Blue Lives Matter” should be investigated for connections to neo-fascist paramilitaries like the Proud Boys, 3%ers, Oathkeepers and others. “Blue Lives Matter” should be banned from use by Eureka Police Department as well as symbols like the black-and-white American flag with blue stripe. Public service is no place for toxic authority worship.

The responsibility of demilitarization of law enforcement falls upon the Eureka City Council and City Manager. The culture of ultra-violent, hyper-nationalist, white supremacist and misogynistic policing in the United States is a historical precedent set at the foundation of America. Colonial policing of stolen native land has always targeted indigenous peoples, people of color and vulnerable communities. It is on the colonial city government of Eureka to end this culture of violence and protect the most vulnerable community members from the armed predators within their own institutions.

Fire the texting squad! Divert funds to de-escalation programs!

Sign the petition to Fire the Texting Squad and divert funds to a Cahoots-style program here.

Eureka City Council meetings are every first and third Tuesdays of the month at 6:00pm. Sign up for public comment by email via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

For the Peace and Freedom Party of Humboldt County Facebook page, click here.


On March 20, longtime Peace & Freedom Party member and valued comrade Al Rojas passed away at the age of 82 years old. We mark his passing here with remembrances from The Organizer newspaper, the Sacramento Poor People’s Campaign, and the AFL-CIO; all are reprinted with permission.

Below these tributes runs the text of his talk given at the Binational Conference Against NAFTA 2.0, the Wall of Shame and Deportations in December 2017. And click here for Al’s last piece for the Peace & Freedom Party website, an essay on the boycotting of Driscoll’s.

Al Rojas, Fighter for Workers’ Rights Until His Last Breath
A statement by Socialist Organizer

Our friend and comrade Al Rojas — a tireless fighter for the rights of workers and all the oppressed — passed away on March 20 at the age of 82. In the letter sent to Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador [see below], the Rojas family recounts many salient features of the life of Al Rojas, underscoring why he was a “giant” in their eyes. He was a “giant” in our eyes, too.

Though he was a co-founder of the United Farm Workers (UFW) union in 1966, together with Cesar Chávez, Al never received the accolades or recognition that Chávez received. And there was a reason: Al spoke his mind at all times, refusing top-down directives that would hinder rank-and-file empowerment, organizing, and independence in relation to the twin parties of capitalism, the Democrats and Republicans. Al eventually was shunned and cast aside because he would not accept the UFW’s subordination to the Democratic Party. In all the glowing tributes, from full-length movies to California state holidays honoring Cesar Chávez, Al Rojas was air-brushed out of the picture and official UFW history.

This did not deter Al one bit. He kept organizing farmworkers, “guest-workers,” undocumented immigrants, youth, public-sector workers — and he always linked the struggle for workers’ rights in the fields and workplaces all over the United States to the fight across the border against the NAFTA and CAFTA “free trade” agreements [see article by Al Rojas below]. Al understood deeply that the capitalist system and U.S. imperialism were ultimately responsible for the destruction of the national economies south of the Rio Bravo that fueled the forced migration to Northern Mexico and into the United States.

This is what Al wrote in 2018 in support of Labor and Community for an Independent Party (LCIP), of which he was a Continuations Committee member:

A “conspiracy” is a bad thing. It can be, depending on who is actually involved, seditious, evil, treasonous, fraudulent and, perhaps least of all, illegal. It implies a well-coordinated plot to manipulate circumstances for the betterment of an elite few while victimizing the innocent. Some conspiracies are small-scale, like the owner of a cockroach-infested restaurant bribing a health inspector to look the other way. Some actual conspiracies are much grander.

In the 1970s, President Richard Nixon conspired to keep the truth about Watergate a secret. Back in 1932 in Tuskegee, Alabama, the federal government and medical personnel conspired to keep black men with syphilis away from cures, so that they could be studied as they slowly died. The “study” continued for about 40 years. For generations, tobacco companies conspired to keep the serious health risks of cigarettes away from the public.

The history of the United States is full of corporations conspiring to fix prices, eliminate competition and control government and politicians for their own benefit. Real-estate agents have conspired to keep blacks out of “white” neighborhoods. Polluters have conspired to hide from their acts, allowing communities to suffer the ill effects of their negligence. Automobile manufacturers have conspired to keep dangerous equipment on our roads.

These were real and horrible conspiracies. Surely, some conspiracy theories are eventually proven to be actual conspiracies. No one leading a conspiracy wants to be found out. Likewise, no one (me!) wants to claim a conspiracy is false and eventually be proven foolishly incorrect. So I’ll avoid confronting specific conspiracy theories and focus more on the overall.

Some unproven conspiracies are much easier to believe than others. Was President John F. Kennedy killed by a sniper armed with a magic rifle loaded with free-thinking bullets? And some are so bizarre that they are beyond belief. Could the government actually be secretly working with alien lizard beasts?

While some conspiracy theories would make excellent science-fiction plots (or, actually, really bad science-fiction plots), many are far from benign. conspiracy theories were used by Hitler and the Nazis to enslave and exterminate the Jews. In the 1950s, Senator Joseph McCarthy invented a conspiracy theory that disloyal communists had infiltrated the highest levels of government and society and used the ensuing panic to trash many a person’s career.

conspiracy theories are often used to gain political or financial power. People take advantage of existing prejudices and suspicions to compose intricate plots that appeal to some other people who lack the knowledge and reason to confront them effectively. The result of this is that many people are misled into shifting the blame for real problems from the actual source to imaginary enemies. This leads to a lot of time, energy and intellect being wasted that would be better spent on actually improving our communities and places of work.

These days, bred by the events of 9/11, there is a rash of conspiracy theories. In the beginning, the conspiracy theories about 9/11 being a plot by the Bush administration to make war against their enemies and make money for the friends were promoted by, mainly, people on the left. And the behavior of the radical Bush/Cheney administration lent a lot of evidence to prop the thinking up to the point that it has become an industry. Many people who began their belief in conspiracy theories with 9/11 now adhere to many more conspiracy theories. The original idea that 9/11 was planned by Bush/Cheney has often been morphed into a theory that a worldwide cabal of evil-doers (led by communists, or Jews, or pod people, whoever) is plotting global dictatorship. Everything from financial crisis to new roads to comments made by otherwise obscure sources are fit into the theory until believers become so cultishly caught up in the whole thing that they can no longer relate to non-believers. What generally began as a left-wing suspicion,has been turned into right-wing propaganda.

So, how the fuck did this happen?

It is no coincidence that the conspiracy theories about a New World Order date back much farther than most modern adherents realize. It was in 1958 that the John Birch Society (JBS - which can also stand for “Just BS”) was formed by Robert Welch. JBS began to compile numerous conspiracy theories into one, big conspiracy theory with the basic premise that international communism, financed by wealthy bankers, was slowly taking control of the planet.

Gary Allen came along shortly afterward and began writing books that attempted to fit all the little pieces together. In 1968, he wrote Communist Revolution in the Streets, which tried to tie Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights movement into this international conspiracy. Later, and most famously, he wrote the 1971 book None Dare Call It Conspiracy, which became incredibly popular among the far right (millions and millions of copies sold). Allen, a spokesperson for JBS, included all kinds of “facts” that would be familiar to conspiracy theorists today. These included alleged plots by bankers, the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and the Bilderbergers as well as targeted rants against the Federal Reserve and the United Nations (which was claimed to be planning to build a worldwide communist government when actual observers of that group know they could not agree on how to build a sand castle).

Welch and Allen accused noted conservatives Dwight Eisenhower, Richard Nixon and John Foster Dulles of being communists (Henry Kissinger got more of a pass as a “liberal” and therefore only a communist sympathizer). While I wouldn’t necessarily categorize JBS as anti-Semitic or racist (many would), the anti-Semitic Nazis and the racist Klans grab hold of and revise these theories for their own ends. For example, neo-Nazis might claim that the “bankers” involved in a global conspiracy are, actually, “Jewish bankers.”

It wasn’t as though these ideas didn’t exist before or without JBS, but this group was able to get a fairly large and energetic band of extremely paranoid patriots together and then get their works widely distributed. And that distribution continues today.

Today, the most widely known personality to speak, pretty directly, from the older works of the John Birch Society is Republican Congressman and former presidential candidate Ron Paul. Paul seems to state very little of his own design, rather relying on the more baseless and ridiculous conspiracy theories of Welch, Allen and other Birchers. More, he has rewrapped these theories and called them a form of libertarianism, which many actual libertarians have a real problem with.

While I’m no fan of libertarians, actual or otherwise, the libertarian icon Ayn Rand, in a 1964 interview with Playboy magazine, had this to say about JBS: “...What is wrong with them is that they don’t seem to have any specific, clearly defined political philosophy. Therefore, some of them may be crackpots, others may be very well-meaning citizens. I consider the Birch Society futile, because they are not for capitalism, but merely against communism. I gather they believe that the disastrous state of today’s world is caused by a communist conspiracy. This is childishly naïve and superficial. No country can be destroyed by a mere conspiracy, it can be destroyed only by ideas. The Birchers seem to be either nonintellectual or anti-intellectual. They do not attach importance to ideas...”

However a popular conspiracy theory begins and whatever it involves, one can be absolutely sure of one thing. JBS, the Klans, the Nazis and other residents of the ridiculous right will attempt to fit that conspiracy theory into their own, existing conspiracy theories.

The conspiracy theory of 9/11 is the prime example. Again, I won’t debate the particulars of this theory. Though I will admit that my general feelings about conspiracy theories are akin to my feeling about fast food and rug burns: Avoid them whenever possible. But the 9/11 conspiracy theory pretty much began as an assault against the Bush/Cheney administration. It was a product of some leftists who were horrified by the actions of the US government after the events.

But this conspiracy theory has, for many people, morphed into much more than that. In fact, no one can possibly believe in every tendril that this particular theory has grown, as many of them offer conflicting views. But with every aberration, the theory branches off into a more conservative direction.

So far the result has been that many people who leaned left were attracted to this theory because of their predisposed political view. Then, slowly, as more fluff and foolishness was added to the theory, they followed along. Many people who were once leftists, and still consider themselves leftists, now spout the words of JBS conspiracy theories without realizing their origin. And, certainly, without realizing that these theories were designed to attack their own ideals.

This is the conspiracy theory version of Six Degrees of Separation. conspiracy theories rarely exist on their own without some connection to other conspiracies. Fall too deeply into one and you may become buried and blinded by many more. There are many people out there who are completely engulfed by conspiracy theories.

The best conspiracy theories are nearly impossible to disprove. They can be discussed, debated and even ridiculed, but they can’t be made to go away. Like disgraced politicians, some rise up again after decades of public hibernation. But people inclined to believe in these should, at the very least, apply some rationale when selecting which theories to believe in and which ones to discard. Below are a few suggestions.

ORIGIN: Where did the theory come from? Use your computer skills to track down the earlier versions of the theory. Note how it may have changed over time and try to figure out why the changes were necessary. Was the theory so outdated that it was proven silly and, therefore, needed to be altered? For example, earlier forms of a conspiracy theory may have called for something to happen on a particular date. When that date passed without incident, the theory needed to be revised. Who was the originator of the theory? Was it a conspiracy theory mill like JBS? What political leanings does the originator (and subsequent spreaders) have? Do you suspect that they have ulterior motives for promoting this conspiracy theory and others like it?

WHISTLEBLOWERS: The larger and more complex that a conspiracy theory is, the more people must have actual personal knowledge of its existence. It would be pretty impossible to disprove a conspiracy theory that included only a few people. But, for example, a conspiracy to dominate the planet and turn us all into pod people would most likely require many participants. Eventually, some of these people would come forward. A conspiracy theory without witnesses is usually a fantasy.

FINANCIAL ADVANTAGE: How much money are people making on the conspiracy theory? Of course, we live in an economy that values the making of money. But, be assured, that if a person or group’s main source of income is through the promoting of a conspiracy theory they will NEVER give it up. Never. No matter how many times or ways it is shown to be false.

PARADOXES: Look for paradoxes within conspiracy theories. These paradoxes are often invisible to the uneducated person as they rely on common misconceptions - misconceptions possibly held by the original, uneducated starter of the theory. Example, does it really make sense that rich bankers would finance socialism when that ideology calls for taking the wealthy’s money and power away?

BEWARE THE OBVIOUS: Similar to paradoxes, some conspiracy theories are so complex that simple and obvious questions go unasked. If a person claims that all-powerful alien pod people have secretly invaded the planet, why the hell wouldn’t these alien pod people assassinate this big-mouthed, tattle-tale first?

LOGIC: Unfortunately, not much logic is taught to Americans unless they enter college. But there are long lists of “logical fallacies” available on-line. Some of the ones most present in conspiracy theories include; the False Dilemma (you are given a choice of two but they are both false), Circular Reasoning (the bible is the word of god; therefore, god exists because the bible says he exists), Post Hoc (it rained today because I washed my car yesterday) and Appeals to Fear, Pity, Popularity and Tradition. There are many, many more (and I’ve probably even used a few in this work). Learn logic and apply it to conspiracy theories.

EXPERT WEIGHT: Balance the number of experts for a conspiracy theory versus the number against. We can’t all be learned in everything. Often, we have to rely on experts to give us important information and, even, conclusions. But the mass media requires that two sides of an issue be shown. This often means that discredited ideas are given equal weight during debate no matter how lopsided the experts stand on the issue. Global warming is a good example. Most people educated in the issue insist that it is a man-made phenomenon while a handful suggest otherwise. Of course, this doesn’t mean that global warming is necessarily a product of humans. What it means is that the great majority of learned people who look at the scientific facts conclude that it is. They might be wrong, but the odds are in their favor.

UNDERSTAND THE TERM: A conspiracy is hidden. People aren’t supposed to know about it. Don’t confuse a conspiracy with a lie or even public policy. Several decades ago there were lots of claims from the far right that fluoride in our drinking water was a communist plot to brainwash and subjugate our population (actually, reality-television programs do that). But this was done in full view of the public with all the scientific details available. So, it couldn’t possibly have been a conspiracy. Unless it was a sinister plot to make people’s teeth less prone to cavities.

DESTINATION: Where does the conspiracy theory lead? Don’t subscribe to any one of them until you’ve followed it along. Often, you’ll find that the whole idea has been hijacked by people you don’t want to be associated with. Be especially careful of the ones that lead to worldwide conspiracies led by Jews – neo-Nazis already have too many friends.

– witten by Bob Maschi
originally published April 2009

In a letter sent to key state lawmakers, the Peace & Freedom Party is asking legislators to introduce the PFP’s proposed 2021 legislation because smaller parties have “no representation” despite “receiving up to a million votes” in each recent election.

Noting the Peace and Freedom Party was formed more than 50 years ago and has run over 400 candidates in efforts to provide alternatives to the two larger parties,  Peace and Freedom  Party legislative liaison C.T. Weber charged that “election laws are made by those in power and structured to maintain a ‘two-party system.’”

Weber, in the letter to lawmakers, stated that “Peace and Freedom Party has been an early advocate for voting rights for those who are non-citizens, under 18 years of age, and in prison or parole for a felony conviction ... a proponent of decent housing for everyone: including homeless solutions and renters and homeowners protections from unjust evictions.”

The  Peace and Freedom Party said it is requesting “support [from] fair-minded legislators to introduce one or more of our proposals in bill form,” including political party representation in the California State Legislature; legislation to allow non-citizen parents and guardians the right to vote in school district elections; and matching the rental exemptions of Costa-Hawkins with those in AB 1482.

A summary of the proposed legislation follows. Click on the appropriate header for a PDF copy of the letter submitted. 

On Wednesday, July 1, Peace & Freedom members put in some good work communicating the party’s message on crucial issues of our day, including the continuing pandemic, police brutality and prison reform. After all, these times call for solidarity and action.

C.T. Weber of PFP Sacramento participated in the All of Us or None rally and remembrance held on Wednesday. Speakers included family and friends of police killing who called upon the crowd to call out the names of their family members and friends. In the below picture, C.T. stands in front of pictures of the nearly 600 people of color who have been killed by the police in California in the last five years. (Photo by Steven Payan of PFP Sacramento)

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In California, voter registration is very important to political parties. The very existence of a political party as “ballot-qualified” is determined by the number of votes its statewide candidates receive or by the number of voters registered with the party. As the only feminist socialist political party on the California ballot, it is imperative that the Peace and Freedom Party continues as a qualified party.

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